No damaged or leaking pipes; proper hot water temperature; functional sinks, toilets, showers and bathtubs
No damaged or loose shingles, no chimney damage, functional gutters, clear vents
No roof leaks, no cracks in ceilings or walls, secure foundation
No damage, proper alignment, drip caps installed, use of storm windows or thermal glass, caulked frame joints
Yard and landscaping
No septic tank leaks, proper drainage
What happens next
Shortly after review, the home inspector provides a report listing defects that need repair. Read it carefully and ask about anything you don't understand.
If the home fails inspection
Significant problems, such as unstable foundations or roofs, need labour and expense. You may want to include a clause in your agreement of purchase and sale making the purchase conditional on a successful home inspection. This could help you avoid repair costs.
If the home fails inspection, consider changing the agreement to cover necessary repairs. If the seller completes the repairs, you buy the house. Or, consider renegotiating the purchase price to cover repair costs. In any situation, discuss the options with your real estate agent.
Final walkthrough (optional)
If you want a walkthrough of the property before closing, include that in the purchase agreement. If the walkthrough uncovers any issues that weren't caught in the home inspection, you can flag them to the seller's attention, either through the realtors or the lawyers.
Depending on the issues, you might ask the seller to fix them, or reduce the purchase price. If the defects are serious enough, you may be able to cancel the agreement to purchase the property.
What to bring
Along with your real estate agent, bring these items to your final walk-through:
Phone or camera for taking pictures of any unrepaired defects
What to check
Check electrical outlets for hazards
Inspect heating and air conditioning
Test appliances (stove, dishwasher, washer, dryer)
Make sure the seller has removed all unwanted items
Ensure the seller left behind any items outlined in the sales agreement
Verify repairs outlined in the inspection report are complete
Inspect faucets, sinks and tubs for leaks, mould and water damage
Make sure the seller has removed garbage and debris
Open and close windows
Flick every light switch on and off
Inspect walls, floors and ceilings for damage
What to get
Ask the seller for appliance and system manuals, garage openers and alarm codes