There are currently two main types of electric vehicles: Pure Battery EVs and Plug-in Hybrid EVs. Here’s how they compare to gasoline-powered cars and trucks.
CIBC Apr. 18, 2022 5 minute read
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  • Pure battery electric vehicles (BEVs). These run only on battery power. You charge them by plugging them into a power outlet.
  •  Plug-in hybrid EV (PHEVs). These use batteries for shorter trips, such as urban commutes, and gasoline for longer trips.


Comparing electric and gas vehicles

  Electric vehicle Plug-in hybrid EV Hybrid EV Internal combustion engine
Plug-in charging Yes Yes No No
Main fuel source is battery Yes No No No
Electric range 100 to 600 km 20 to 80 km electric Not applicable Not applicable
Minimum purchase price Most expensive compared to ICE equivalent  Less expensive, but more than ICE equivalent Less expensive, but more than ICE equivalent Least expensive
Emissions while operating  None Some, depending on driving mode; generally lower than HEVs Some, depending on driving mode; generally higher than PHEVs Yes

Driving and charging 


  • Level 1 chargers are standard household outlets in your home. They provide about an 8-kilometre range per hour of charging. They offer the slowest speed of charging but are the most widely available.
  •  Level 2 chargers are EV chargers. They provide about a 35-kilometre range per hour of charging. They have the same electrical output as a clothes dryer or stove and are installed by a licensed electrician. This is the most common type for at-home charging.  


Weighing the costs

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